Breeding Legumes for Enhanced Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation: Proceedings of an Fao/IAEA Consultants' Meeting, Held in Vienna, 26-30 September 1983 (Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology #12) (Hardcover)

Breeding Legumes for Enhanced Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation: Proceedings of an Fao/IAEA Consultants' Meeting, Held in Vienna, 26-30 September 1983 (Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology #12) By Gudni G. Hardarson (Editor), T. a. Lie (Editor) Cover Image
By Gudni G. Hardarson (Editor), T. a. Lie (Editor)
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Description


Adequate nitrogen fertilization is needed to obtain maximum crop yields. Without sufficient nitrogen available to the plant, other inputs are wasted. There are great differences between developed and develop- ing areas of the world with regard to nitrogen-fertilizer production and application, resulting in serious food deficits in some of the most needy areas. Although nitrogen fertilizer is an inexpensive input in comparison to the resulting yield increases, chemical fertilizers must be purchased and do represent a direct cash outlay, sometimes the only cash require- ment for the peasant farmer, often an insurmountable obstacle in subsistence farming situations. If present economic trends continue, poor farmers may find it increasingly more difficult to pay for nitrogen fertilizers. Biological nitrogen fixation offers the most promising alternative or supplement to chemical nitrogen fertilizers. Furthermore, nitrogen fixation does not present any hazard to the environment which may be the case with excessive application of chemical nitrogen fertilizers. It is there- fore of utmost importance to promote the use of nitrogen fixing crops, especially grain legumes which are also an important source of dietary protein. Although legumes only account for some 9% of the combined world dry matter yield of cereals and legumes, they con- stitute as much as 24% of the total protein yield of these crops because of the high protein content in legumes.


Product Details
ISBN: 9789024731237
ISBN-10: 9024731232
Publisher: Springer
Publication Date: February 28th, 1985
Pages: 184
Language: English
Series: Advances in Agricultural Biotechnology